Home

Physical Geography
  Tectonics and Geology
  Climatic Change
  Climate at Present and in the Past
  Soils
  Rivers, Lakes, Seas and Wetlands
  Permafrost
  Biodiversity

Biomes & Regions
  Arctic Environments
  Boreal Forests
  Mixed and Deciduous Forests
  Steppe and Forest-steppe
  Arid Environments
  The Mountains of Northern Russia
  The Mountains of Southern Siberia
  The Caucasus
  The Mountains of Central Asia
  Lake Baikal
  The Far East

Environmental Problems
  Radioactive Contamination
  Oil and Gas Development
  Air Pollution
  The Aral Sea Problems
  Deforestation and Degradation of Forests
  Nature Protection and Conservation

Images of Russian Nature
  Geographic Index
  Systematic Index
  Alphabetical Index

Nature Reserves and
National Parks:

  Northern Russia   Central Russia   Povolzhye (Volga river basin)   Southern Russia   Ural Mountains   Western Siberia   Eastern Siberia   Far East


 
 
 



( ) : : = = + +


Russian Nature

Home | Physical Geography | Biomes & Regions | Environmental Problems | Images of Russian Nature | Nature Reserves


Please put an active hyperlink to our site (www.rusnature.info) when you copy the materials from this page

Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Khingansky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Komsomolsky" >>>

Zapovednik "Komandorsky"

Address: 683006 Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, K.Marksa st., 29/1, off. 213.

Zapovednik Komandorsky, in the Aleutsky District of Kamchatskaya Region, was founded in 1993. Its area is 3648,7 thousand ha.

The Zapovednik is located on the Komandorskye islands and the western end of the Aleutskaya Mountain Ridge; it includes the islands of Bering, Medny, Toporkov, Ariy men, Bobroviye Kamni, about 60 smaller islands; and also the adjacent part of the Bering Sea (3463,3 thousand ha).

Islands mostly represent the tops of an underwater ridge, with the highest point 751 m above the sea level (Stellars mountain). Rivers are short and shallow. Lakes are mostly of Lagoon origin. Islands are forestless. Two height belts are to be noted: bushy-meadow (till 150-200 m) that changes higher into meadow-tundra.

The Komandorsky Zapovednik is located near one of the most productive Districts of the worlds ocean. On the shore line of the islands of Bering and Medny up to 300 thousand sea mammals congregate: fur seals, eared seals, Phoca vitulina kurilensis, sea beavers. On two small islands alone Ariy Kamen and Toporkov tens of thousands birds nest.

A significant biogeographical border goes across the Zapovednik for 93 vascular plant species the Komandorsky islands serve as the eastern border of their distribution, and for 10 species as the western border. A great number of rare, and often endemic, flora and fauna species are characteristic of the Zapovednik. Of plant species the following are in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation: Isoetes maritima, yellow ladys slipper, Cypripedium yatabeanum, and Lobaria pulmonaria.

Of mammals several species living in the Komandorsky Zapovednik are in the Red Data Book of the World Conservation Union (IUCH) the sea beaver, Phoca vitulina kurilensis, Steineger's beaked whale, and the little picked whale. Steller's sea cows which have existed as a species since ancient times live here as well.

Island forms of Arctic fox (Alopex lagopus semenovii) also belong to the group of rare animals.

Of birds species the following are in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation: Stellers sea eagle, Arctic falcon, peregrine falcon. In the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation there are 15 birds species found in the Zapovednik (emperor goose, Calidris ptilocnemis, Aleutian tern, etc.).

On the Zapovednik's territory there are historical and cultural monuments of the XVIII-XIX centuries.

<<< Zapovednik "Khingansky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Komsomolsky" >>>

 

 


Recommend this page to your friends:


* * | |