Physical Geography
  Tectonics and Geology
  Climatic Change
  Climate at Present and in the Past
  Rivers, Lakes, Seas and Wetlands

Biomes & Regions
  Arctic Environments
  Boreal Forests
  Mixed and Deciduous Forests
  Steppe and Forest-steppe
  Arid Environments
  The Mountains of Northern Russia
  The Mountains of Southern Siberia
  The Caucasus
  The Mountains of Central Asia
  Lake Baikal
  The Far East

Environmental Problems
  Radioactive Contamination
  Oil and Gas Development
  Air Pollution
  The Aral Sea Problems
  Deforestation and Degradation of Forests
  Nature Protection and Conservation

Images of Russian Nature
  Geographic Index
  Systematic Index
  Alphabetical Index

Nature Reserves and
National Parks:

  Northern Russia   Central Russia   Povolzhye (Volga river basin)   Southern Russia   Ural Mountains   Western Siberia   Eastern Siberia   Far East

‘отографии природы –оссии
  √еографический каталог
  —истематический каталог
  јлфавитный каталог

Ёкологический ÷ентр Ёкосистема на Facebook Ёкологический ÷ентр Ёкосистема ¬ онтакте

ётуб канал Ёкосистема YouTube EcosystemaRu

—качать наши приложени€ из магазина RuStore
—качать наши приложени€ из магазина RuMarket —качать приложени€ Ёкосистемы из магазина NashStore
—качать приложени€ Ёкосистемы из магазина GetApps Xiaomi
—качать приложени€ Ёкосистемы Ёко√ид из магазина Google Play / Play Market
—качать приложени€ Ёкосистемы Ёко√ид из AppStore / iTunes
¬идео-360 по экологии на нашем Youtube канале

Bird Decoys for European Birds: Songs, Calls, Sounds, Bird voices - application for Android download from Google Play / Play Market for free

( ) : : = = + +

Russian Nature

Home | Physical Geography | Biomes & Regions | Environmental Problems | Images of Russian Nature | Nature Reserves

Our Field Ecology Center published more than 180 methodical materials for nature studies. Some of them are in English:
Mobile educational application: Ecological Field Studies Techniques on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of North America: Songs and Calls Decoys on Play.Google WILD FLOWERS OF RUSSIA Field Identification Guide on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google
Mobile Educational Apps and Field Identification Guides for Russian, European and American Birds
Applications for Android and iOS are available at GooglePlay and AppStore

Please put an active hyperlink to our site (www.rusnature.info) when you copy the materials from this page

Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Koryaksky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Kurilsky" >>>

Zapovednik "Kronotsky"

Address: 684010 Kamchatskaya obl., Elizovo, Riabikova st., 48.

Zapovednik Kronotsky, in the southern part of Kamchatskaya Region, was founded in 1934, but it did not function in 1951-1959 and 1961-1967. Its area is 1142 thousand ha; of which 135,0 thousand ha is accounted by the water area.

It is located on the eastern shore of the Kamchatka Peninsula and is bordered by natural boundaries Ч the rivers Chazhma and Semiyachik, the Pacific Ocean shore, and the Valaginsky Ridge.

Lake Kronotskoe is situated in the inter-mountain depression. A chain of 16 volcanoes goes along Kronotskoye Lake; the highest of them is the dome of Kronotskaya (3526 m above sea level). In the eastern part of the Zapovednik mountains are lower (up to 1400 m above the sea level); mountain-glacier landscapes are widely present here. The greatest of the glaciers (Tyushevsky) reaches 8 km in length.

The network of rivers and streams is dense Ч one each 100 ha of area. There are 650 rivers and streams, on average, are located. The Zapovednik has a unique natural feature Ч the "Valley of Geysers". Along 6 km of the valley of the river Geysernaya at the foot of Kikhpinych volcano 22 big geysers function.

With changes of height several landscape belts can be seen Ч sea shore, forests, bush thickets, and forestless highlands. Near the shore line sites of bushy and moss tundras are met. Forests are composed mostly of birch wood-meadows of Betula ermanii.

Among rare communities in the Zapovednik are plantations of Chosenia and Populus komarovii. There are isolated forest sites of Dahurian larch (on the northern coast of Kronotshoye Lake), and a grove of Abies sachalinensis (on the lower parts of the river Stary Semiyachik).

Flora accounts for 810 plant species, including 38 which are endemic. Groups of Fimbristulis ochotensis, true mosses, Agrostis scabra, Lycopus, and sometimes Ч of Ophioglossum thermale are especially notable.

The animal world is formed of representatives of taiga and tundra fauna with some steppe species (Citellus parryi, Marmota camtschatica). Widely spread subspecies are often present with larger than usual and more darkly colored (the Okhotsky subspecies of wild reindeer, Kamchatka subspecies of sable, Kamchatka brown bear, etc.). The Zapovednik is distinguished by its very high density of brown bear.

At the sea shore sea bird and sea animal communities are located. In the lakes and in near-sea tundras numerous waterfowl nest. Of rare and disappearing animals in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation there are met: sea beaver, StellerТs sea eagle, fish hawk, Arctic Falcon, and Aleutian tern.

The Zapovednik has biosphere status. It integrates the South-Kamchatka Federal Nature Zakaznik under its jurisdiction; the zakaznik was founded in 1983 on an area of 225,0 thousand ha.

It belongs to the World Natural Heritage Site "Volcanoes of Kamchatka".

<<< Zapovednik "Koryaksky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Kurilsky" >>>



Recommend this page to your friends:

* *