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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Khankaisky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Komandorsky" >>>

Zapovednik "Khingansky"

Address: 676741, Amurskaya obl., pos. Arkhara, Dorozhny per., 6.

Zapovednik Khingansky, on the south of Amurskaya Region, was founded in 1963. The Zapovedniks subsidiary was founded in 1978 between the rivers Arkhara and Bureya (at present it is known as the Antonovskoye forest of the Zapovednik). The area makes up 94,6 thousand ha.

The Zapovednik is located in the zone where the Amur valleys meet the foothills of Maly Khingan mountains. The valley part of the Zapovednik makes up about 70% of the total area; the rest lies on the spurs of Maly Khingan. The average height of the spurs is 350-450 m above the sea level, the highest point is 502 m (Erakticha mountain). The main rivers are the Uril and Mutnaya.

In the mountainous part of the Zapovednik forests occupy 76% of the area. Oak woods and coniferous broad-leaved forests prevail, while cedar-spruce and fir-spruce plantations are situated near the upper reaches of the rivers and on northern slopes. In the rivers inundation zones willow forests, alder forests and ash-elm plantations are developed. On the valley part of the territory meadow and bog plants prevail; trees, that cover the highlands in forests formed of river birch and aspen, occupy here not more than 30% of the area. Species belonging to the Manchurian floristic categorisation prevail in the flora; some plants are in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation (Cypripedium macranthon, yellow lady's Slipper, Pagonia japonica, Epipogium aphyllim, caltrop, and Nelumbo komarovii).

In the fauna Amur forest and forest-steppe and taiga species are represented.

Among rare animals added to the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation are: peregrine falcon, saker falcon, fish hawk, erne, mandarin duck, Ciconia boyciana, Japanese crane and white-napped crane (these last live in the subsidiary zone).

Among the mammal inhabitants Capreolus pygargus, raccoon dog, and Siberian weasel are numerous.

The Zapovednik is one of the wetlands of international significance, under the title "Khingano-Arkcharinskaya Lowland".

<<< Zapovednik "Khankaisky" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Komandorsky" >>>

 

 


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