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Russian Nature

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Russian Zapovedniks and National Parks

<<< Zapovednik "Kedrovaya Pad" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Khingansky" >>>

Zapovednik "Khankaisky"

Address: 6922245, Primorsky Kray, Spassky r-n, Spassk-Dalny, Ershova st., 10.

Zapovednik Khankaisky is situated on the south of Primorsky Krai, near the state border. The Zapovednik was founded in 1990, its area is 38 thousand ha.

It consists of four sites on the Prikhankaiskaya Lowland and one site on the Prisungachinskaya lowland; part of lake Khanka belongs to the Zapovednik as well. Average depth of the lake is 4,5 m (maximum depth is 6,5 m); several-year cyclic changes of the water level in the lake are characteristic, the amplitude of those changes reaching 2 m.

The prevailing landscape is open valleys with grass meadows, bogs, and numerous small lakes. Bogs occupy the most part of the territory (more than 60%), yet meadows are relatively well-developed (about 18%) — varying between pure woodreed and other grasses. Forest plants are fragmentarily present — the only substantial forest site is formed of Quercus mongolica with elements of other broad-leaved species (lime, Phellodendron, ash, and elm). The Prikhankaiskaya Lowland is one on the few places where Euryale ferox (in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation) is native.

Of 287 bird species in the appendix to the International Convention "For Migratory and Disappearing Birds and Their Habitat Protection" 225 are met on the Prikhankaiskaya lowland. On the territory of Russia there is no where else such a relatively small site where such a number of "Red Data Book species" lived.

Two of these species (intermediate egret and Paradoxornis heudei) nest only here within the territory of Russia. In lake Khanka Trinix siensis lives, species in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation.

Lake Khanka is part of the List of Wetlands of International Significance.

<<< Zapovednik "Kedrovaya Pad" | Index and Map | Zapovednik "Khingansky" >>>

 

 


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