Physical Geography
  Tectonics and Geology
  Climatic Change
  Climate at Present and in the Past
  Rivers, Lakes, Seas and Wetlands

Biomes & Regions
  Arctic Environments
  Boreal Forests
  Mixed and Deciduous Forests
  Steppe and Forest-steppe
  Arid Environments
  The Mountains of Northern Russia
  The Mountains of Southern Siberia
  The Caucasus
  The Mountains of Central Asia
  Lake Baikal
  The Far East

Environmental Problems
  Radioactive Contamination
  Oil and Gas Development
  Air Pollution
  The Aral Sea Problems
  Deforestation and Degradation of Forests
  Nature Protection and Conservation

Images of Russian Nature
  Geographic Index
  Systematic Index
  Alphabetical Index

Nature Reserves
  Northern Russia
  Central Russia
  Povolzhye (Volga river basin)
  Southern Russia
  Ural Mountains
  Western Siberia
  Eastern Siberia
  Far East

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Nature Landscapes of the World
  North America
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Field Ecology Education
  Instructive Videos
  Instructive Manuals

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Russian Nature

Home | Physical Geography | Biomes & Regions | Environmental Problems | Images of Russian Nature | Nature Reserves

Our Field Ecology Center published more than 180 methodical materials for nature studies. Some of them are in English:
Mobile educational application: Ecological Field Studies Techniques on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of North America: Songs and Calls Decoys on Play.Google WILD FLOWERS OF RUSSIA Field Identification Guide on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Russia Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google Mobile field guide Birds of Europe Songs, Calls and Voices on Play.Google
Mobile Educational Apps and Field Identification Guides for Russian, European and American Birds
Applications for Android and iOS are available at GooglePlay and AppStore

Please put an active hyperlink to our site (www.rusnature.info) when you copy the materials from this page

Biomes and Regions of Northern Eurasia

Boreal Forests

<<< Indigenous Peoples of Taiga | Biomes & Regions Index | Mixed and Deciduous Forests: Introduction >>>


Taiga, the largest biome in Northern Eurasia, accounts for a quarter of the world's pristine forests. Although vast, it is floristically poor and its fauna also comprises few species. The European and West Siberian taiga has a milder climate, accommodates a larger number of species, and has been more affected by development, in particular by the production of timber and oil. Although the annual industrial production of timber declined to just over 100 million m3 in 1996, which represents a threefold reduction in comparson with the late 1980s, many areas experience problems with respect to illegal cutting of forests, fragmentation of mature stands, and unacceptable forest-harvesting practices. East of the Yenisey, much of the taiga is represented by monotonous larch stands or thickets of Siberian pine, the two species that are adapted to the extremely low temperatures, high aridity, and ubiquitous permafrost. Because of the severity of the environment and the remoteness of the area, these forests remain virtually untouched by humans. The major problem associated with this area is the organization of fire management. Although taiga does not possess a unique biological diversity, it is important for the maintenance of environmental balance through its role in the global carbon cycle. With the decline of tropical forests, the role of the Russian boreal forest, which covers a larger territory than forests of North America and Scandinavia combined, is becoming more prominent (Gorshkov, 1989; Dixon et. al., 1994; Isaev et. al., 1995). The issues of forest management aimed at conservation and sequestration of carbon are discussed in detail below.

<<< Indigenous Peoples of Taiga | Biomes & Regions Index | Mixed and Deciduous Forests: Introduction >>>



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